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У боротьбі за знищення спрощеної системи оподаткування ми не маємо загубити галузі-лідери – заступник міністра фінансів

Спрощена система оподаткування потребує реформування, зауважує заступник міністра фінансів Сергій Верланов в програмі «Свобода в деталях» (спільний проект Радіо Свобода та Радіо НВ).

За словами Верланова, спрощена система є стримуючим фактором стосовно двох речей: рівності платників податків та шкоди бізнесу.

«В нас існує ситуація, коли за одних і тих самих обставин певні категорії людей сплачують різні податки, легально. Це неправильна ситуація. Вона може бути припущена на певний проміжок часу, але не на 20 років», зазначив заступник міністра.

Верланов пояснює, що в Україні немає малого та середнього бізнесу, який може завтра стати великим, тому що бізнес в нас розподілений на великий і бізнес, який використовує ФОПи. 

Читайте також: Уже три роки поспіль економіка України зростає – міністр фінансів Маркарова

«Бізнес, який використовує ФОПи не може показати свою консолідовану звітність, тому що це не бізнес. Це угрупування різних точок бізнесу, які у Європі називаються супердрібними. Для того щоб стати великим бізнесом, чи з малого – середнім, потрібен капітал. Власного капіталу немає і це природньо – весь світ працює на залученому капіталі, аби вирости, 95% бізнесу. В нас цього немає. І передумов для того, щоб українській бізнес робив крок нагору, теж немає», – зазначив Верланов.

Спрощену систему треба реформувати, але як – це питання розглядається, додає Сергій Верланов. 

«ІТ-галузь росте, розвивається і вже дає більше 4% ВВП, друга галузь, яка теж працює на єдиному податку, на 4-й групі, просто про це не говорять, це сільське господарство. Воно займає перше місце у структурі ВВП. У боротьбі за знищення спрощеної системи оподаткування, звичайно, ми не маємо загубити ці наші галузі-лідери», – констатує заступник міністра фінансів.

Повна версія програми «Свобода в деталях» вийде на хвилях Радіо НВ в неділю, 24 лютого, о 21:00.

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До 8 березня «Укрзалізниця» призначила 17 додаткових поїздів

До Міжнародного жіночого дня 8 березня «Укрзалізниця» призначила 17 додаткових поїздів у найбільш популярних напрямках. Як повідомляє сайт залізничного перевізника, курсуватимуть вони з Києва до Львова, Ковеля, Ужгорода, Чернівців, Дніпра, Одеси та в інших напрямках.

«Робота з призначення додаткових поїздів триває», – повідомили в «Укрзалізниці», виклавши на сайті для ознайомлення перелік додаткових потягів з напрямком і часом відправлення-прибуття.

Міжнародний жіночий день 8 березня є вихідним в Україні, тому дні з п’ятниці, 8-го до неділі, 10-го березня 2019 року будуть неробочими.

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Kraft Heinz Announces $15.4 Billion Write-Down

Analysts say a $15.4 billion write-down for food giant Kraft Heinz reflects changing consumer taste for fresh food products over processed ones.

The company said Thursday the decrease in value of some of its major brands resulted in a net loss of $12.6 billion.

Kraft Heinz also announced Thursday the Securities and Exchange Commission had subpoenaed it late last year because of its procurement procedures.

At the end of the business day Thursday, the company saw its stock drop about 20 percent.

“We expect to take a step backwards in 2019,” Chief Financial Officer David Knopf said in a post earnings conference call. He promised “consistent profit growth” for 2020.

Kraft Heinz is the home of such iconic brands as Velveeta Cheese, Heinz ketchup brands, Oscar Mayer hotdogs and Cheez Whiz.

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LA Showcases Quake Alert System

California is earthquake country, and residents of Los Angeles can now get some critical warning, when conditions are right, after a quake has started and seismic waves are heading their way.

The system, called ShakeAlertLA, is the first of its kind in the United States.

Earthquake alert systems like this save lives, said Jeff Gorell, deputy Los Angeles mayor for public safety, as he demonstrated the application on his smartphone. 

“When an earthquake starts, the first waves that go out are called P-waves,” he said. They serve as a warning and “are not the damaging, destructive waves” that will follow. 

The alert system, which relies on data from seismic sensors throughout the region, could offer up to 90 seconds of warning for quakes of magnitude 5 or larger.

Even a few seconds can make a difference, said Los Angeles Mayor Eric Garcetti, as he rolled out the ShakeAlertLA smartphone app in January. Alerts let people know to drop, cover and hold on, as they are instructed to do in earthquakes.

Mexico City system

An alert system is in place in Mexico City that let residents brace for a mild shaker in early February after an earthquake struck Chiapas to the south. The quake was barely felt in the capital, but residents were ready.

The system doesn’t always help, however, and it did not with the magnitude 7.1 earthquake on Sept. 19, 2017, that killed hundreds in and around the Mexican capital. The quake’s epicenter was too close to offer warning.

Distance to epicenter crucial

Alert systems work when there’s enough distance between the earthquake’s epicenter and a center of population, said Thomas Heaton, professor of engineering seismology at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech).

“So, if you can recognize that an earthquake has started … you can give some area that’s about to be shaken strongly a heads up that says, ‘There’s an ongoing earthquake, and oh, by the way, it’s headed in your direction.’”

California is riddled with geological fault lines that periodically rupture. The largest, the San Andreas Fault, can give rise to massive temblors, including the San Francisco quake in 1906, which may have killed 3,000, according to later estimates.

A section of the same fault shifted in 1989, causing a magnitude 6.9 earthquake that killed more than 60 in Oakland and nearby communities. Smaller fault lines can also cause large temblors, including a previously unknown fault beneath the Northridge section of Los Angeles, where a magnitude 6.7 quake killed more than 60 people in 1994.

The ShakeAlertLA app offers users critical information after a temblor has started, said Deputy Mayor Gorell, “just enough so that they can digest it and then react to it, without overwhelming them with information or frightening them,” he said.

Advanced alert systems are also in place in Japan, and while the systems have limitations, authorities there say they have saved lives.

Los Angeles officials say preparing for earthquakes requires work on many fronts, including encouraging residents to prepare disaster plans and stock emergency supplies.

Preparations also require upgrades to old buildings. Los Angeles now has nearly 13,000 so-called soft-story buildings, with wide windows or doors on lower floors that need bracing. These buildings are vulnerable to damage or collapse if struck by seismic waves of a certain type or intensity.

Nearly 1,700 buildings have been upgraded to modern earthquake standards, and another 3,500 have been issued permits for retrofitting. It’s a race against time, officials say, because massive shakers rock the region periodically. The last big quake in Southern California, in 1857, reached magnitude 7.9, and could have killed thousands in a modern city.

The alert app can help, said Heaton, who noted that when the ground “starts to shake, you have no idea whether it’s going to get bigger, or whether it will stay small. Usually it stays small,” he said, “but you don’t know.”

Heaton said the system will give you an indication of what to expect, and also let emergency workers know where to send help after a quake has struck.

ShakeAlert is being rolled out in phases in the U.S. West Coast states of California, Oregon and Washington, which are all vulnerable to earthquakes.

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Analysts: Insurance Can’t Offset Risks of Climate Change

From homeowners facing higher flood insurance premiums to investors putting money into coal-fired power plants, financial risks related to climate change are growing, analysts say. 

But working out how a switch to lower-carbon train travel could affect an airline or what an insurance firm should do to weather more flood claims is neither clear nor simple, they say. 

Help may be at hand, however, from guides published Friday to assess financial risks from the physical threats of climate change, as well as the risks and opportunities of a global transition away from fossil fuels. 

“What is the exposure financial institutions have to natural catastrophes? I don’t think that question traditionally has been asked,” said Greg Lowe, global head of resilience and sustainability for Aon, a London-based insurance and risk firm. 

Traditional ideas may fall short

For disasters, “there’s always been an assumption we have insurance for that,” said Lowe, whose firm contributed to the reports by ClimateWise, an initiative of the University of Cambridge Institute for Sustainability Leadership that aims to better disclose and respond to climate-related insurance risks. 

With those risks growing — particularly as heat-trapping emissions continue to rise — traditional methods of dealing with them may not be enough as the world tracks toward 2 degrees Celsius or more of global warming, the twin reports warn. 

“If indeed people think we’re headed on that path [past 2 C], it’s going to be a hugely difficult task for the financial system to manage,” Lowe predicted. 

Over the next 30 years, the risks from heat waves, storm surges and floods will increase substantially because of warming already underway, the physical threats report noted. 

In Britain, that could lead to higher flood insurance premiums and people more often made homeless by floods, as well as greater investment by cities and towns in flood defenses. 

That homeowners understand changing flood risks and will respond adequately to them “is probably a generous assumption,” Lowe said. 

But even for those who do grasp the shift, simply boosting insurance coverage is unlikely to be an answer, he said. 

“I don’t think buying more insurance is a politically or financially sustainable thing to do,” he said. “Even with insurance, this is still a tremendous hardship on people if they are out of their homes.” 

Who foots the bill?

Rather, there should be honest discussions about who foots the bill for the growing risk and damage, he said. 

“Someone is going to pay for this. How that gets distributed through the financial system is the question,” he added. 

The new reports aim to demonstrate that it is possible to start taking a more precise look at the risks and their financial impacts, and to give experts tools to do that, said Bronwyn Claire, senior program manager for ClimateWise. 

For instance, they could explore how changes in transport demand between trains and planes, or a carbon tax that is influencing fuel prices, might affect an airport in Germany. 

The guides could also help investors spot opportunities, she added. 

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Nike Stumbles into Social Media Storm After Basketball Star’s Shoe Splits

A Nike Inc sneaker worn by a college basketball superstar split in half less than a minute into a highly anticipated game between Duke University and North Carolina, prompting an outcry on social media as the company sought to figure out what caused the problem.

Zion Williamson, a 6-foot-7-inch freshman forward for the Duke Blue Devils who is anticipated to be the top 2019 NBA Draft pick, suffered a mild sprain to his right knee because of the incident Wednesday night, according to his coach Mike Krzyzewski.

The official Duke Basketball Twitter handle (@DukeMBB) tweeted Thursday evening that Zion was “progressing as expected, and his status is day-to-day.”

A closeup video replay showed Williamson slipping and crumpling to the ground, clutching his knee in pain. His left shoe is seen split in half, with part of the sole ripped off the base of the sneaker.

Williamson did not return to play in the match-up, which ended with No. 1-ranked Duke losing 72-88 to the No. 8-ranked Tar Heels team.

Reaction from Nike

“We are obviously concerned and want to wish Zion a speedy recovery,” Nike said in a statement. “The quality and performance of our products are of utmost importance. While this is an isolated occurrence, we are working to identify the issue.”

Shares of the sportswear maker closed down 1 percent Thursday, a day after the incident, wiping off some $1.46 billion from Nike’s market capitalization since Wednesday’s close.

Oppenheimer analyst Brian Nagel said in a note that he was optimistic “any lasting damage to the company and its shares will prove minimal.”

Williamson was wearing the Nike PG 2.5 basketball shoe when he was injured, Nike confirmed to Reuters in an email. The line of sneakers, launched in summer of 2018, sells for $95-$105 on Nike’s website.

The shoe received mixed reviews and a rating of 4 out of 5 stars on Nike.com as of Thursday.

Nike is Duke’s exclusive supplier of uniforms, shoes and apparel under a 12-year contract that was extended in 2015 and has had an exclusive deal with the private university since 1992, ESPN reported.

Nike’s latest quarterly results showed signs of a rebound as it speeds up new product launches and expands partnerships with online retailers. The Beaverton, Oregon-based company has forecast sales growth for 2019 approaching low double-digits.

Williamson, who averaged 21.6 points a game, has been tipped as the “next Lebron James” and is expected to be selected first in the NBA Draft this June.

Krzyzewski said it was unclear how long Williamson would be out because of the injury.

Reaction from celebrities

Former President Barack Obama, director Spike Lee and star NFL running back Todd Gurley attended Wednesday’s game at Cameron Indoor Stadium, the home court of the Blue Devils.

A video from the match posted on Twitter showed Obama sitting courtside, expressing shock and mouthing the words, “his shoe broke!”

The incident lit up social media, with celebrities and some of basketball’s biggest stars expressing shock and dismay.

“Hope young fella is ok!” tweeted LeBron James (@KingJames) on Wednesday. “Literally blew thru his,” he added, using a shoe emoji.

“Again let’s remember all the money that went into this game…. and these players get none of it,” Donovan Mitchell (@spidadmitchell), a former first-round NBA draft pick and current guard for the Utah Jazz, tweeted Wednesday. “And now Zion gets hurt… something has to change.”

Nike’s social media sentiment dropped following the malfunction, according to social media analytics firm Zoomph. With 1.6 billion impressions and a reach of 170 million users, people were twice as likely to express negative sentiment about the athletic apparel maker, Zoomph data showed.

This is not the first time Nike has faced controversy over the craftsmanship of its sportswear. In 2017, the company faced a backlash when several NBA jerseys worn by basketball stars, including James, ripped apart.

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Ліга Європи: «Динамо» пройшло «Олімпіакос»

Київське «Динамо» залишилося єдиним представником України в єврокубках у поточному сезоні. У матчі-відповіді 1/16 фіналу Ліги Європи підопічні Олександра Хацкевича приймали грецький «Олімпіакос» і перемогли 1:0.

На 32-й хвилині іспанський новачок киян Фран Соль забив свій перший гол за «Динамо».

Перший матч у Піреї завершився внічию 2:2.

Жеребкування 1/8 фіналу Ліги Європи відбудеться 22 лютого.

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Ліга Європи: «Шахтар» залишає турнір

Донецький футбольний клуб «Шахтар» поступився у німецькому Франкфурті місцевому «Айнтрахту» і залишив другий за престижністю клубний турнір континенту, Лігу Європи, на стадії 1/16 фіналу.

Уже після першого тайму гірники поступалися 0:2, з гри на 23-й хвилині відзначився Лука Йовіч, а з пенальті на 27-й – Себастьєн Галлер.

По перерві гості втілили свою перевагу в гол, на 64-й хвилині Джуніор Мораєс скоротив відставання. Надалі «Шахтар» був близький до встановлення нічийного результату, але в контратаці на 80-й хвилині все той же Галлер встановлює рахунок 3:1, а на 88-й хвилині Анте Ребіч, який вийшов на заміну, довів перевагу господарів до розгромної – 4:1.

Перший матч команд у Харкові завершився внічию 2:2.

Єдиним представником України в єврокубках залишилося київське «Динамо», яке о 22:00 розпочне домашній матч із грецьким «Олімпіакосом». Перша гра в Піреї також завершилася внічию 2:2.

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