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Теніс: українки Світоліна і Ястремська заявлені на Кубок Кремля

Перша і друга «ракетки» України Еліна Світоліна і Даяна Ястремська заявлені на турнір категорії WTA Premier в столиці Росії Москві, який проходитиме 14-20 жовтня, йдеться у переліку заявлених учасниць від організаторів.

У повідомленні Кубка Кремля на сторінці у Facebook вказано, що цьогоріч в Крилатське (московський спорткомплекс, місце проведення турніру – ред.) приїде серед інших «третя ракетка світу, півфіналістка Вімблдону і US Open Еліна Світоліна».

Ястремська теж вказана у списку учасників в основній одиночній сітці як ще одна представниця від України.

Повідомляється, що серед титулованих тенісисток будуть на змаганнях також шоста ракетка світу, переможниця двох турнірів Grand Slam в одиночному розряді і 20 турнірів WTA Сімона Халеп, переможниця турніру «ВТБ Кубок Кремля-2018» Дар’я Касаткіна, номер 11-й у світовому рейтингу Йоганна Конта, переможниця двох турнірів Grand Slam в одиночному розряді і підсумкового турніру WTA Петра Квітова.

Світоліна і Ястремська поки не давали офіційних коментарів щодо участі в турнірі у Росії. Спеціалізоване видання «Тенісний портал України» підтверджує, що «Світоліна і Ястремська заявилися на Кубок Кремля».

Еліна Світоліна востаннє приїжджала на турнір до Москви в 2016 році і стала півфіналісткою. Даяна Ястремська брала участь в Кубку Кремля у 2017 році і програла на старті відбору.

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Гривня встановила новий рекорд – курс НБУ

Українська національна валюта оновила більш як трирічний рекорд курсу щодо долара США. За результатами торгів 18 вересня Національний банк України встановив на 19 вересня курс 24 гривні 67 копійок за одиницю американської валюти.

Попереднє досягнення гривні було встановлене 16 вересня – 24 гривні 71 копійка. Такі значення в парі гривня-долар не спостерігалися 38 місяців – від липня 2016 року.

На український валютний ринок нині прийшли значні ресурси, які іноземці вводять для купівлі облігацій внутрішньої державної позики. На курс також впливає позитивна кон’юнктура щодо товарів українського експорту.

Востаннє поблизу позначки 24 гривні 50 копійок за долар офіційний курс перебував у січні 2016 року.

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Футбол: «Шахтар» відкриє Лігу чемпіонів домашнім матчем проти «Манчестер Сіті»

У середу ввечері донецький клуб «Шахтар» прийме у Харкові англійський «Манчестер Сіті» в рамках першого туру групового етапу Ліги чемпіонів. Це буде перша єврокубкова гра «гірників» у нинішньому сезоні.

Поєдинок розпочнеться о 22:00 на стадіоні «Металіст».

Матч у прямому ефірі покаже телеканал «Футбол 2».

 

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Noise and Pollution Free, Green ‘Flying Taxi’ Spreads Wings on Paris’ Seine

A Parisian startup enterprise looks to ease congestion in one of the world’s densest urban transportation networks.  Entrepreneurs created a green machine unlike any you have ever seen outside of Hollywood films. VOA’s Arash Arabasadi dredges this story from the river Seine.

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Facebook to Name First Oversight Panel Members by Year-end

Facebook said Tuesday that it expects to name the first members of a new quasi-independent oversight board by year-end.The oversight panel is intended to rule on thorny content issues, such as when Facebook or Instagram posts constitute hate speech. It will be empowered to make binding rulings on whether posts or ads violate the company’s standards. Any other findings it makes will be considered “guidance” by Facebook.CEO Mark Zuckerberg announced plans to establish the board last November after Facebook came under intense scrutiny for failures to protect user privacy and for its inability to quickly and effectively remove disinformation, hate speech and malign influence campaigns on its platform.”Facebook should not make so many important decisions about free expression and safety on our own,” he wrote at the time.Critics call the oversight board a bid by Facebook to forestall regulation or even an eventual breakup. The company faces antitrust investigations by the Federal Trade Commission, Congress and a group of state attorneys general.”Facebook is attempting to normalize an approach to containing hate speech internally,” said Dipayan Ghosh, a former Facebook policy adviser and a fellow at Harvard’s Kennedy School. “If it can illustrate that this approach can work, it can pacify the public itch to regulate the business model behind Facebook.”The multinational board will eventually comprise 40 members, who will collectively decide a few dozen cases a year, company executives told reporters in a conference call. It will at first hear only cases initiated by Facebook but will begin hearing appeals initiated by users in the first half of 2020, the company said. It will get to work as soon as 11 members are named.Priority cases will involve content that “threatens someone else’s voice, safety, privacy, dignity or equality” and affects a large number of people, Facebook said in blog post.Experts say the panel will have a limited range for decision-making, however. Local laws or directives from repressive governments might clash with its rulings, and Facebook might heed them for business reasons.”How to deal with authoritarian regimes is a deep issue for the platform, and for the world really,” said Harvard law student Evelyn Douek, an Australian expert on content moderation.Douek says the group’s charter, also released Tuesday, should insulate board members from public pressure and Facebook’s commercial imperatives. But she believes the conditions under which members could be removed are still too vague.The first few board members will be directly chosen by Facebook; they will then choose additional members. Facebook will also name the administrators of the trust that manages the Oversight Board and pays its members’ salaries.  Brent Harris, Facebook’s director of governance, told reporters the company had not yet decided how much board members would be paid. He did not respond when asked how many hours a week would be expected of them in the part-time job. Facebook expects panelists will include former judges, editors, publishers and journalists, he said.The board members’ access to Facebook data will also be limited. “The board will have access to data that’s pertinent to the case but no more,” said Harris.Oversight board members are to serve three-year terms with a maximum of three terms.They can be removed by trustees for violations of a code of conduct that has yet to be drawn up. Panels of five will convene to review individual cases and decisions will be public, though data and privacy restrictions could apply. Harris said the board will have a staff that will initially consist of Facebook employees seconded from their jobs.It’s unclear where the permanent staff will eventually be located and how often oversight board members would meet in person to decide cases. 

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US Military Still Buying Chinese-Made Drones Despite Spying Concerns

The Air Force and the Navy bought Chinese-manufactured drones for elite forces months after the Pentagon prohibited their use due to cybersecurity concerns, according to government documents.In each case, the services used special exemptions granted by the Pentagon’s acquisition and sustainment office “on a case by case basis, to support urgent needs,” Pentagon spokesman Lt. Col. Mike Andrews told VOA.FILE – Acting Defense Secretary Patrick Shanahan listens during a hearing on Capitol Hill in Washington, May 1, 2019.The Department of Defense issued a ban on the purchase and use of all commercial off-the-shelf drones, citing “cybersecurity vulnerabilities,” in a memo from then-Deputy Secretary of Defense Pat Shanahan dated May 23, 2018.The ban came nearly a year after the U.S. Army, the Department of Homeland Security and members of Congress warned that drone-market-leader Da Jiang Innovations (DJI) could be helping the Chinese government spy on the United States.”We know that a lot of the information is sent back to China from those, so it is not something that we can use,” Ellen Lord, Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, told reporters at the Pentagon last month.However, purchase orders completed in August and November 2018 show that the Navy spent nearly $190,000 and the Air Force spent nearly $50,000 on drones made by DJI.The Air Force bought 35 DJI Mavic Pro Platinum drones, and the Navy bought an undisclosed number of drones from DJI’s “Inspire” series.Special forces at risk?The 2018 drone purchase orders obtained by VOA via public records appear to be for some of the military’s most sensitive and secretive operators, including Air Force’s only special tactics wing and Navy Sea Air Land (SEAL) teams.VOA has confirmed through documents and sources within U.S. Special Operations Command, the Navy and the Office of the Secretary of Defense that the drone purchases were made by the Florida-based 24th Special Operations Wing and the Naval Surface Warfare Center Crane Division in Indiana, which provides engineering and technical support for the Navy’s electronic warfare and special warfare weapons used by the SEALs.Special tactics airmen in the 24th Special Operations Wing lead global access, precision strike and personnel recovery operations.Navy SEALs carry out military extractions and insertions to accomplish covert missions, including collecting intelligence and capturing high-value enemies.FILE – A Phantom 4, developed by major Chinese consumer-drone maker DJI, flies during its demonstration flight in Tokyo, March 3, 2016.Bradley Bowman, a former active duty officer and the senior director of the Center on Military and Political Power at the Foundation for Defense of Democracies, said the uncovered purchases of Chinese-produced equipment represented a “dangerous and reckless gamble” that was “ripe for additional Congressional investigation.””This is not about protectionism; this is about the ability of our troops to accomplish their missions, protect the United States, and return home safely,” Bowman told VOA.Partially-redacted copies of documents justifying the purchase of DJI drone kits for the 24th Special Operations Wing confirmed that 15 Chinese-made drones were already being fielded by eight Air Force Special Tactics Squadrons and warned that tactics, “software, and optical system development would be negatively impacted if this system was abandoned.”One document acknowledged the security concerns raised over the Chinese-made technology and claimed the military had developed a fix.Specifically, it said that “software has been developed (specific to this model) and implemented to eliminate the cyber security concerns that are inherent to the DJI Mavic Pro.”U.S. Special Operations Command confirmed to VOA that it had taken steps to mitigate cybersecurity issues.”However, for security reasons, we are not able to release specifics about cyber security software developed or implemented by 24th Special Operations Wing,” Army Major Jennifer Bocanegra, a spokesman for Special Operations Command, wrote in response to VOA’s inquiry.Naval Surface Warfare Center — Crane Division procured the drones for both “testing and operations,” Pentagon spokesman Andrews told VOA. The Navy declined multiple requests for more information about their purchase.An additional purchase of DJI equipment for a “training operation” was approved by the Pentagon as late as June 28, 2019, according to a DOD memo seen by VOA and confirmed Monday by a defense official.”The cyber vulnerabilities associated with this training event were mitigated by multiple layers of defense, allowing the critical training to be conducted on schedule,” Andrews told VOA after inquiring about the June memo, which instructed those approved to use DJI equipment to keep the equipment offline from the Defense Department’s networks.American-madeThe military’s use of waivers and work-arounds comes as the Pentagon seeks to recruit investors into manufacturing American-made small drones to provide an alternative to the Chinese models.A new Pentagon project dubbed the “Trusted Capital Marketplace” (TCM) involves hosting a series of DOD job fairs in various tech-heavy cities to meet with private capital investors in order to encourage American investment in the defense industry. The first fair is set for October.Under Secretary Lord told reporters last month that the Pentagon chose small drones as the TCM’s first investment focus because the “entire U.S. marketplace” has been “eroded” by Chinese-made drones.”DJI dumped so many low-price quadcopters [small drones propelled by four rotary blades] on the markets, and we then became dependent on them, both from the defense point of view and the commercial point of view,” she said.The Pentagon is hoping a new American drone industry partnership can eventually build something complex enough for the Pentagon but agile enough to be purchased in stores.”If we meet our defense needs, we feel that there are simpler versions that would be very, very attractive for the commercial market, as well,” Lord said.U.S. military commanders are constantly in need of additional intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance platforms.The Pentagon currently buys large, technologically advanced American-made drones, which can cost tens of millions of dollars. In contrast, commercially viable, small drones would cost thousands of dollars and could potentially be produced in large numbers.Congressional concernsFILE – Democratic Senator Chris Murphy speaks during a hearing on Capitol Hill in Washington, July 25, 2018.Members of Congress have become so concerned with the Pentagon’s continued use of Chinese-manufactured drones that the U.S. Senate Armed Services Committee included a provision in the Fiscal Year 2020 National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) bill banning their use. The bill, which determines the U.S. military’s budget for the year, will be up for debate in the coming weeks.Senator Chris Murphy, a Democrat from Connecticut who penned the provision, said the measure protects U.S. national security while also supporting U.S. manufacturing.”Congress needs to ban the use of all Chinese-made drones by Department of Defense and instead only spend taxpayer money on U.S. drone manufacturers and foster the development of a U.S.-based supply chain,” Murphy said earlier this year.DJI rebuttalIn response to the latest warning from the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, DJI said that its customers have complete control over how their information is collected, stored and transmitted.Michael Oldenburg, a spokesperson for DJI’s innovation in the United States, wrote in an email to DJI customers in the United States that reports of DJI cybersecurity vulnerabilities and the memorandum of the Department of Homeland Security’s Immigration and Customs Enforcement Bureau were “completely false.”DJI also has pointed to an independent research report that says its drone users have complete control over the collection, storage and transmission of data.According to a DJI statement in April 2018, San Francisco-based technology consulting firm Kivu Consulting confirmed that unless the user volunteered, DJI could not receive photos, videos and flight logs collected by its drone.

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Зеленський очікує, що ЄБРР наростить інвестиції в Україну – ОП

Президент України Володимир Зеленський очікує, що в наступні два-три роки Європейський банк реконструкції та розвитку наростить інвестиції в Україну до більш ніж 1 мільярда євро на рік і зробить їх більш конкурентоспроможними для приватного сектору в Україні, передусім у питанні вартості капіталу. Про це повідомляє Офіс президента України за підсумками зустрічі Володимира Зеленського із віце-президентом ЄБРР Аланом Пію.

«Дякую, що інвестуєте в Україну. Ми це дуже цінуємо», – сказав Зеленський.

Він запевнив, що іноземні інвестори та партнери можуть розраховувати на «відвертий і чесний діалог» у рамках Національної інвестиційної ради, роботу якої планують продовжувати.

Аланом Пію сьогодні також мав зустріч із головою Верховної Ради Дмитром Разумковим, на якій, як інформує сайт парламенту, спікер заявив, що Україні від ЄБРР «дуже важливо отримувати підтримку фінансового, політичного та економічного плану».

Повідомляється, що Алан Пію про намір ЄБРР продовжувати співпрацю з Україною в довгострокових інфраструктурних проектах, пов’язаних із компанією «Нафтогаз», «Укренерго», будівництвом доріг у Миколаївській, Херсонській та Одеській областях, метро у Харкові, Дніпрі, об’єктів на сході України.

Безпосередньо у ЄБРР поки не коментували підсумки зустрічі з представниками української влади.

12 червня президент Володимир Зеленський вже мав зустріч з делегацією Європейського банку реконструкції та розвитку.

За чверть століття від початку своєї діяльності в Україні ЄБРР інвестував близько 12 мільярдів євро.